A percentage sees the arrival of automation in employment as a plus
however, others see it as a threat. Which side is really true?
If we look back, 100% of the jobs were previously carried out manually, but nevertheless, with the advancement of technology, it is being replaced by automation to the point of being able to replace a job.
According to some studies, a few years into the future, more than 50% of jobs can be automated. But the human hand does not disappear because of this, since final decision-making should not be taken by an algorithm, new business models, creativity, etc. It should be noted that robots are not a competition but rather a compliment for companies to train humans with better capabilities.
In addition, there are jobs that will hardly be replaced by machines and others that will be created as a result of the evolutions that occur, such as those that increase the interaction between machines and humans. Technological advance does not stop evolving and with it the creation of new jobs for both. As the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development stated in its report ‘OECD Employment Outlook 2019’, the risk of automation is real, but the trend varies greatly by country. Automation technologies not only destroy jobs but also create and transform them. Historically, the net effect of major technological revolutions has been positive, and there is little sign that this trend will radically change in the years to come. »
Automation will displace some types of work, but it will also boost productivity and create new job opportunities and industries. To take full advantage of the benefits and minimize the risks of automation, governments and businesses must analyze where the greatest risks of displacement lie and what their impact will be on the workforce. Additionally, based on research findings, effective strategies will be needed to address future risks.
According to the data collected in the report of the World Economic Forum (WEF), automation will create a higher percentage of new jobs than a lower percentage destroyed, that is, this evolution would fall positively on citizens with respect to jobs. Therefore, it does not replace but helps to create new distributions of tasks. Only robots have an impact on efficiency and productivity.
There will always be positions for humans for critical thinking, creativity, etc. It is a matter of seeing how the present progresses and how we should adapt for the future.